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Acid-free Paper Paper made from pulp containing little or no acid so it resists deterioration from age. Also called alkaline paper, archival paper, neutral pH paper, permanent paper and thesis paper.
Against the Grain At right angles to the grain direction of the paper being used, as compared to with the grain. Also called across the grain and cross grain. See also Grain Direction.
Alteration Any change made by the customer after copy or artwork has been given to the service bureau, separator or printer. The change could be in copy, specifications or both. Also called AA, author alteration and customer alteration.
Artwork All original copy, including type, photos and illustrations, intended for printing. Also called art.
Back Trim Trimming all 4 sides of the paper to remove all traces of paper dust and fibers. This is critical for all our hand finishing services.
Basis Weight In the United States and Canada, the weight, in pounds, of a ream (500 sheets) of paper cut to the basic size. Also called ream weight and substance weight (sub weight). In countries using ISO paper sizes, the weight, in grams, of one square meter of paper. Also called grammage and ream weight.
Beveling Cutting the outer edges of paper or heavy card stock at a 45° angle.
Bleed Printing that extends to the edge of a sheet or page after trimming.
Bond Paper Category of paper commonly used for writing, printing and photocopying. Also called business paper, communication paper, correspondence paper and writing paper.
C1S and C2S Abbreviations for coated one side and coated two sides.
CMYK Abbreviation for cyan, magenta, yellow and key (black), the four process colors.
Colored Bevels Coloring (similar to bordering) the bevel edges. Usually in gold or silver, but can match PMS colors as well.
Cover Weight Paper Heavier grades of paper. Usually used for invitations, note cards, folders, and greeting cards.
Crop Marks Small lines printed outside the image area that indicate where the final trim is to be made.
Cure The time give to let all our finishes, dry and harden.
Deboss To press an image into paper so it lies below the surface. Also called tool.
Deckle A torn, ragged edge on paper.
Die Device for cutting, scoring, stamping, embossing and debossing.
Die Cut To cut irregular shapes in paper or paperboard using a die.
Double Border Two lines of overlapping colors applied to the outside edges of the face of a sheet of paper or an envelope blank.
Double Bump To print a single image twice so it has two layers of ink.
Duplex Paper Thick paper made by pasting highlights together two thinner sheets, usually of different colors. Also called double-faced paper and two-tone paper.
Edge Coloring The application of metallic colors or PMS colors to the edges of paper, books, or pads (not the face of the sheet but the edge).
Embellishment That unique, "something extra" that adds value, enhances, decorates, and adds impact to invitations, announcements, business cards, greeting cards, etc.
Emboss To press an image into paper so it lies above the surface. Also called cameo and tool.
Engraving Printing method using a plate, also called a die, with an image cut into its surface.
Feather Deckle A soft, feathery deckle on the edge of paper.
Felt Finish Soft woven pattern in text paper.
Felt Side Side of the paper that was not in contact with the Fourdrinier wire during papermaking, as compared to wire side.
Filler Sheet A cheaper paper used as the middle sheets when laminating, layering or pasting. This is used when the edges or bevels are to be colored, as the cheaper filler sheet will not be seen once colored.
Foil Emboss To foil stamp and emboss an image. Also called heat stamp.
Foil Stamp Method of printing that releases foil from its backing when stamped with the heated die. Also called block print, hot foil stamp and stamp.
Gate Fold A sheet that folds where both sides fold toward the gutter in overlapping layers.
Gilding Mostly in the book arena, gold leafing the edges of a book.
Glitter Border Same as hand bordering only putting glitter on the borders.
Grain Direction Predominant direction in which fibers in paper become aligned during manufacturing. Also called machine direction.
Gripper Edge Edge of a sheet held by grippers on a sheetfed press, thus going first through the press. Also called feeding edge and leading edge.
GSM The unit of measurement for paper weight (grams per square meter).
Gutter When printing multiple images on a sheet, the space between each image.
Hand Bordering The application of a thin line of color around the edges of the face of a sheet of paper or on an envelope blank.
Heritage Deckle A finely cut, or carved deckle on the edge of paper.
Imprint To print new copy on a previously printed sheet, such as imprinting an employee's name on business cards. Also called surprint.
Keylines Lines on a mechanical or negative showing the exact size, shape and location of photographs or other graphic elements. Also called holding lines.
Klear Kote A clear laquer type coating that adds protection to borders from chipping and rubbing off.
Kustom Kote A second coat of color to borders to give a deeper, more solid color.
Laminating Taking two or more sheets of paper and gluing them together to make a thicker, heavier card stock. This may be done using all the same paper or different, contrasting colors of paper.
Layering Taking two or more sheets of paper and gluing them together to make a thicker, heavier card stock. This may be done using all the same paper or different, contrasting colors of paper.
Letterpress Printing The original form of relief printing where the image is transferred directly to the paper from a raised metallic image.
Logo A company, partnership or corporate creation (design) that denotes a unique entity. A possible combination of letters and art work to create a "sole" entity symbol of that specific unit. Also known as a logotype.
Loupe Lens built into a small stand. Used to inspect copy, film, proofs, plates and printing. Also called glass and linen tester.
Makeready 1. All activities required to prepare a press or other machine to function for a specific printing or bindery job, as compared to production run. Also called setup. 2. Paper used in the makeready process at any stage in production. Makeready paper is part of waste or spoilage.
Marbeling Same as hand bordering only putting a "marbled" effect on the borders.
M Weight Weight of 1,000 sheets of paper in any specific size.
Offset Printing Printing technique that transfers ink from a plate to a blanket to paper instead of directly from plate to paper.
ParchTique The process of burning or searing the edges of the sheet creating a burnt border or antique look.
Pasting Taking two or more sheets of paper and gluing them together to make a thicker, heavier card stock. This may be done using all the same paper or different, contrasting colors of paper.
Perfect Bind To bind sheets that have been ground at the spine and are held to the cover by glue. Also called adhesive bind, cut-back bind, glue bind, paper bind, patent bind, perfecting bind, soft bind and soft cover. See also Burst Perfect Bind.
Pica A unit of measure in the printing industry. A pica is approximately 0.166 in. There are 12 points to a pica.
PMS Refers to the Pantone Matching System of matching colors.
Rag Paper Stationery or other forms of stock having a strong percentage content of "cotton rags."
Ream 500 sheets of paper.
Register To place printing properly with regard to the edges of paper and other printing on the same sheet. Such printing is said to be in register.
Register Marks Cross-hair lines on mechanicals and film that help keep flats, plates, and printing in register. Also called crossmarks and position marks.
Reverse Type, graphic or illustration reproduced by printing ink around its outline, thus allowing the underlying color or paper to show through and form the image. The image 'reverses out' of the ink color. Also called knockout and liftout.
Score To compress paper along a straight line so it folds more easily and accurately. Also called crease.
Setoff Undesirable transfer of wet ink from the top of one sheet to the underside of another as they lie in the delivery stack of a press. Also called offset.
Set Up (1) All activities required to prepare a press or other machine to function for a specific printing or bindery job, as compared to production run. Also called makeready. (2) Paper used in the set up process at any stage in production. Set up paper is part of waste or spoilage.
Single Border A single line of color applied to the outside edges of the face of a sheet of paper or an envelope blank.
Slip Sheets Separate sheets (stock) independent from the original run positioned between the "printed run" for a variety of reasons.
Specially Printer Printer whose equipment, supplies, work flow and marketing is targeted to a particular category of products.
Text Weight Paper Thinner grades of paper. Usually similar to letter sheets, book pages or brochures.
Thermography Method of printing using colorless resin powder that takes on the color of underlying ink. Also called raised printing.
Trimming Taking the oversized sheet and cutting it down to the "final size".
With the Grain Parallel to the grain direction of the paper being used, as compared to against the grain. See also Grain Direction.
Wove Paper manufactured without visible wire marks, usually a fine textured paper.